UiT – The Arctic University of Norway, at the Faculty of Biosciences, Fishery and Economics has a position as PhD position vacant in Marine Environmental and Development Economics
The main topic of the PhD project is marine environmental resources in developing countries and the importance of these resources for each country’s economy. The topic is highlighted both theoretically and through empirical studies. The work shall be based on experiences and through contacts the research group has developed in cooperation with Nha Trang University (Vietnam) and other collaborating partners in Asia.
After the introduction of Exclusive Economic Zones in the 1970s, developing countries came to dominate the world’s fisheries. In 2008 about 80% of the global fish catches was taken by developing economies, first of all in Asia. The dominance is even higher in the aquaculture industry. The economic importance of fisheries and aquaculture activities along the coasts in South, and particularly in Asia, turns out to be an important factor to understand future economic development patterns and challenges for these countries. Climate change, environmental resources, market shifts and demographic development are some of many factors to be considered when analysing economic development in selected areas.
Coastal environmental resources could be used directly in the production of goods (e.g. shrimp aquaculture) or indirectly utilised in the production of different environmental services (mangrove could for example be utilised as protection against erosion and as nursery areas for fish juveniles). The increasing interest in the valuation of ecosystem services, also those which are not appearing in national or industrial accounts or could be traded in markets.
Analysing economic impacts of climate change in countries or regions is to some extent similar with the impact changes in trade conditions may have on environmental resources and economic growth. Both climate change and trade perturbations may be considered as external shifts affecting the economy and the environment unpredictably, even though the changes may have different time frames. Free trade typically first affects prices and markets, then the environmental conditions as a consequence of the first. Climate change will however first change the natural environment and the production, prices and markets as a consequence of the environmental changes.
Economic development also affects the economic conditions of fisheries and aquaculture industries. In the period where developing economies took over dominating the world’s fisheries (from 1970 until today) the percentage increase in number of fishers has been twice the increase in the world’s population. Economic theory of development cold contribute in improving our understanding of the changes we have seen and point out possible development patterns to be expected in the future.
The qualified PhD candidate will be expected to work together with the research group and to participate in its activities. The PhD project shall contribute in the research area of marine environmental and development economics, also together with others in the research group.
To apply and for more information:
Application Deadline: 15th April 2014